Posted 19 April 2018
5S Slimming Capsules claims to be “one of the most effective slimming products in SA.
The website makes these claims:
- Burn Fat Faster And Smarter
- 100% Herbal Fat Burning Ingredients.
- Assists With Fat Burning and Fat Trapping. Enhances Liquid Intake and Metabolic Performance.
- Appetite Suppressor and Metabolism Booster.
- It’s The Slimming Product With The Best Quality Herbs Used For The Maximum Effect.
How true are these claims? What are the ingredients? What are the dosages of the individual ingredients? Can you trust the manufacturers/sellers of this product? Are they out to make a fast buck, and either sell you a scam product with banned products? Is the product safe?
So I wrote to the company asking them if they would let me know what the ingredients are. No surprise: no response.
But thanks to a CamCheck reader, we were able to find out the constituents of the capsules, but not the dose of each ingredient. Can we trust the sellers that these ingredients are present in the capsules? The dosages? Users have to simply belief the sellers, and if they are like those behind Wondernut and Secret Slimmer, you are in deep trouble.
We are informed that 5S Capsules contain:
- Garcinia Cambogia
- Cassia Seed
- Lotus Leaf
- Oriental Water Plantain
- Green Tea Extract
4S Slimming Capsules and 5S differ in that the latter also contains green tea.
Significantly, this product has not been evaluated by the Medicines Control Council or South African Health Products Regulatory Authority (SAHPRA) for efficacy, safety or quality. The product is not registered and is therefore an illegal health product.
Not a single study exists to confirm that this product is safe and can result in weight-loss. Individuals drinking a placebo could lose weight, simply because they now adhere better to a diet
What is the evidence for each ingredient claimed to be in this product? Also important is the dose of each. As no dosages are indicated, it is possible even minuscule dosages are used as Herbex does.
Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (NMCD) (“Unbiased, Scientific Clinical Information on Complementary, Alternative, and Integrative Therapies”) was primarily used to assess the claims for the ingredients.
According to NMCD, evidence of efficacy for ‘Obesity’ is: “INSUFFICIENT RELIABLE EVIDENCE to RATE”. “More evidence is needed to rate garcinia for these uses.” (Definition : “There is not enough reliable scientific evidence to provide an Effectiveness Rating”.) (Some studies show that at very high dosages, it may have some effect on weight-loss, other similar studies show no effect)
This is echoed in a review article: A comprehensive scientific overview of Garcinia cambogia. Semwal RB, Semwal DK, Vermaak I, Viljoen A. Fitoterapia. 2015 Apr;102:134-48. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2015.02.012.
Side effects of Garcinia include nausea, GI discomfort, and headache
Nothing listed in NMCD. Wikipedia reports that it is another name for starch.
From the FreeDictionary: “A complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice;”
Cassia is basically used as a laxative. Some companies promote laxatives (e.g. Cassia) as effective for weight-loss. There is NO evidence that this works.
Lotus flowers are used as an astringent for bleeding. Lotus seeds are used orally for, among other, digestive disorders and diarrhoea. Use for weight-loss or obesity not mentioned.
NMCD states that “Effectiveness: “There is insufficient reliable information available about the effectiveness of lotus” (for all claims/uses). Weight-loss/obesity is not mentioned.
Oriental Water Plantain
Also known as Asian Water Plantain. It is traditionally used in Chinese medicine for bladder and urinary tract diseases, oliguria, gonorrhoea, and other conditions. No evidence is available to confirm that it is effective for these conditions, and no mention or evidence in traditional or modern use for weight-loss or obesity.
Green Tea Extract
NMCD states for “Effectiveness: Obesity: INSUFFICIENT RELIABLE EVIDENCE to RATE
(Some studies show that at very high dosages, it may have some effect on weight-loss, similar other studies show no effect)
A recent review concludes: “The statistically significant effect of green tea on the FM% of the entire sample was not clinically relevant, a fact also highlighted in the results of other meta-analysis. CONCLUSION OF THE AUTHORS: Green tea or green tea extracts intake or its extracts exerts no statistically significant effect on the weight of overweight or obese adults. There is a small effect on the decrease in the percentage of fat mass, but it is not clinically relevant.”
Reference: Effect of green tea or green tea extract consumption on body weight and body composition; systematic review and meta-analysis. Baladia E, et al. Nutr Hosp. 2014 Mar 1;29(3):479-90. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24558988
Side effects include, among other, nausea, vomiting, abdominal bloating and pain, dyspepsia, flatulence, and diarrhea. It can also cause central nervous system stimulation and adverse effects such as dizziness, insomnia, fatigue, agitation, tremors, restlessness, and confusion. There is concern that some green tea products might cause hepatotoxicity in some people. Increased blood pressure, allergic reactions. Summarised from Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database (NMCD).
So in summary:
Does this product work? The evidence seems to suggest NO. Ask yourself this: why is it that Big Pharma with millions at their disposal for research, has not created or found an effective and safe weight-loss product? And would you put your health and safety in the hands of unknown individuals for a product that is unknown, untested and unregulated?
Would you play Russian Roulette with a gun with at least half the chambers loaded with bullets?